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Key Learning in Writing

Compostion

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

  • Say, write and punctuate simple and compound sentences using the connectives and, but and or.
  • Use sentences with different forms: statement, question, command, exclamation.
  • Use commas to separate items in a list.
  • Use apostrophes for contracted forms e.g. don’t, can’t, wouldn’t, you’re, I’ll.
  • Use subordination for time e.g. When we had finished our writing, we went out to play.  We went out to play when we had finished our writing. Other time connectives: while, as, before, after.
  • Use subordination for reason e.g.
    I put my coat on because it was raining. Because it was raining, I put on my coat. Other reason connectives: so, if, then, for, unless.
  • Select, generate and effectively use verbs.
  • Use past tense for narrative, recount (e.g. diary, newspaper report, biography) historical reports.
  • Use present tense for non-chronological reports and persuasive adverts.
  • Select, generate and effectively use nouns.
  • Add suffixes ness and er to create nouns e.g. happiness, sadness, teacher, baker.
  • Select, generate and effectively use adjectives.
  • Add suffixes ful or less to create adjectives e.g. playful, careful, careless, hopeless.
  • Use suffixes er and est to create adjectives e.g. faster, fastest, smaller, smallest.

Use suffix ly to turn adjectives into adverbs e.g. slowly, gently, carefully.

Composition

  • Plan and discuss what to write about e.g. story mapping, collecting new vocabulary, key words and ideas.
  • Use specific text type features to write for a range of audiences and purposes e.g. to instruct, inform, entertain, explain, discuss, persuade.
  • Write about real and fictional events.
  • Write simple poems based on models.
  • Edit and improve their own writing in relation to audience and purpose.
  • Evaluate their writing with adults and peers.
  • Proofread to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation.

Read aloud their writing with intonation to make the meaning clear.

Transcription

Spelling

  • Segment spoken words into phonemes and represent these by graphemes, spelling many correctly.
  • Learn new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known.
  • Learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones.
  • Learn to spell common exception words.
  • Learn to spell more words with contracted forms.
  • Distinguish between homophones and near-homophone.
  • Add suffixes ness and er to create nouns e.g. happiness, sadness, teacher, baker.
  • Select, generate and effectively use adjectives.
  • Add suffixes ful or less to create adjectives e.g. playful, careful, careless, hopeless.
  • Use suffixes er and est to create adjectives e.g. faster, fastest, smaller, smallest.
  • Use suffix ly to turn adjectives into adverbs e.g. slowly, gently, carefully.

Write from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words and punctuation taught so far.

Handwriting

  • Form lower-case letters of the correct size relative to one another.
  • Use upper case letters appropriately e.g. not always writing A as a capital, not using capitals within words.
  • Write upper case letters of the correct size relative to lower case letters.
  • Start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters.

Contact the School

Greenlands Community Primary School

Dawnay Road
Ribbleton
Preston
PR2 6BB

Tel: 01772 792463
head@greenlands.lancs.sch.uk