Key Learning in Maths

Number - number and place value

  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • Count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
  • Read and write numbers to 100 in numerals
  • Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words
  • Begin to recognise the place value of numbers beyond 20 (tens and ones)
  • Identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line (numbers to at least 30)
  • Use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
  • Given a number, identify one more and one less
  • Recognise and create repeating patterns with numbers, objects and shapes
  • Identify odd and even numbers linked to counting in twos from 0
    and 1

Solve problems and practical problems involving all of the above

Number - fractions

  • Understand that a fraction can describe part of a whole
  • Understand that a unit fraction represents one equal part of a whole
  • Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object shape or quantity (including measure)

Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity (including measure)

Number - addition and subtraction

  • Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
  • Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
  • Add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero (using concrete objects and pictorial representations)

Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? - 9

Number - multiplication and division

  • Recall and use doubles of all numbers to 10 and corresponding halves
  • Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher

Geometry - properties of shapes

  • Recognise and name common 2-D shapes, including rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles
  • Recognise and name common 3-D shapes, including cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres

Geometry - position and direction

  • Describe movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns
  • Recognise and create repeating patterns with objects and shapes

Describe position and direction


  • Sort objects, numbers and shapes to a given criterion and their own
  • Present and interpret data in block diagrams using practical equipment
  • Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category

Ask and answer questions by comparing categorical data


  • Measure and begin to record:

- lengths and heights, using non-standard and then manageable
   standard units (m/cm)
mass/weight, using non-standard and then manageable standard
   units (kg/g)

- capacity and volume using non-standard and then manageable
   standard units (litres/ml)

- time (hours/minutes/seconds)

within children’s range of counting competence

  • Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:

- lengths and heights (for example, long/short, longer/shorter,
tall/short, double/half)

- mass/weight (for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than)

- capacity and volume (for example, full/empty, more than, less than,
half, half full, quarter)

- time (for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later)

  • Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • Sequence events in chronological order using language (for example,  before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening
  • Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes



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